Chapter 28 of the COMESA Treaty refer to the Free Movement of Persons, Labour, Services, Right Of Establishment And Residence. More specifically, Article 164 on the scope of co-operation, enshrines the common market’s commitment towards the achievement of the free movement agenda. It also specifies the agreement among Member States to conclude a Protocol on the Free Movement of Persons, Labour, Services, Right of Establishment and Right of Residence.
The Protocol on Gradual relaxation and eventual elimination of visa requirements was approved by Council as a salient step in the establishment of the COMESA Common Market. As part of its implementation, Member States (MS) are required to ratify the Protocol on Gradual relaxation and eventual elimination of visa requirements, which is currently in force. Under RISM, a Member State achieves this indicator by:
- Signing and ratifying the protocol; and
- Implementing key measures of the protocol (namely that the MS shall not require the citizens of other COMESA Member MS holding valid travel documents to obtain visas before travelling to their territory and shall, on reciprocal basis, grant visas to enter into its territory upon the presentation of valid travel documents at official entry points of the MS).